After winning the 2015 Indonesian Green School Festival, a vocational high school in Malang, East Java, has been advising other schools on how they too can join the Adiwiyata green school program and use eco-mapping to overcome environmental problems. Vocational High School (Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan/SMK) 6 of Malang is a successful pilot school for eco-mapping introduced by GIZ PAKLIM Work Area 3 on Climate Change Awareness and Education. Staff and students from the school have been in high demand in recent months to share their knowledge and skills in environmental management, as well as best practices in implementing eco-mapping. In December 2015, SMK 6 Malang visited State Junior High School (Sekolah Menengah Pertama/SMPN) 23 Malang and State Elementary School (Sekolah Dasar Negeri/SDN) Tanjungrejo 2 Malang to promote Adiwiyata and eco-mapping. The visits included a seminar and workshop at each school, involving representatives from Adiwiyata, GIZ PAKLIM, Malang Environmental Agency and several other local schools. The objective of the visit to SDN Tanjungrejo 2 Malang was to enable the school community to initiate a green school movement by following the steps to become an Adiwiyata Independent School. At SMPN 23 Malang, the purpose was to improve teachers and students’ understanding of environmental issues and how to find solutions. The Adiwiyata seminar at SDN Tanjungrejo 2 Malang enabled participants to determine goals in environmental sustainability and develop an action plan to achieve them based on eco-mapping and the school’s condition. Participants learned that the green school movement is not merely the implementation of audits and action plans, but also an integration of environmental issues into the regular school curriculum. The next session covered environmental issues, such as greenhouse gases and global warming, explained by a GIZ PAKLIM representative. An extracurricular group from SMKN 6 Malang called Eco-Smart helped the teachers and students of SDN Tanjungrejo 2 to set up 20 biopori composting holes. At SMPN 23 Malang, a session on environmental issues was presented by a GIZ PAKLIM representative, giving participants a clear picture of global warming, climate change and the impact of human-influenced emissions of greenhouse gases. The eco-mapping process was also introduced, outlining the importance of teachers in extending environmental awareness among the entire school community. A teacher from SMKN 6 Malang and an Eco-Smart member shared their experiences in implementing eco-mapping. They also explained various emissions reduction actions already implemented, and highlighted the student-centered learning approach as a starting point to develop the green movement at schools by encouraging everyone in the school community to take action.
Students and communities in Malang, East Java province, have been learning about the importance of earthworms in transforming organic waste into productive soil. A one-day workshop on worm-farming was organized by State Junior High School 22 (SMPN 22) of Malang in cooperation with Jeannette Giegerich of GIZ PAKLIM. While some people may not be fond of worms, the workshop’s participants learned that these small creatures are amazing. Not only do worms relish eating the organic waste that humans produce, but they also produce ‘juice’ and castings, which are wonderful for the health of soil and gardens. Worm-farming is a ‘Sustainability Classroom’ project, ideal for schools that are using eco-mapping to tackle the problem of organic waste disposal. The participating state vocational high schools (SMKN) and communities learned not only how to diminish organic waste and fertilize the soil, but also that worms can be a source of income. Worm-farming provides students with experience and practical knowledge about soil ecosystems. This learning can be implemented in regular classes and extracurricular courses. The workshop took place across three locations: Malang Wastebank Community, worm-farm business Rumah Alam Jaya Organik (RAJ Organik) and SMPN 22 Malang. Participants included staff and students from SMKN 3 Probolinggo, SMKN 3 Malang and SMKN 6 Malang, as well as representatives from Malang Environmental Agency, Probolinggo Environmental Agency and Bangu Jaya Farmers Group of Probolinggo. Mrs Kamal, a representative of Malang Wastebank Community, explained to the participants that a wastebank works by paying people for recyclable trash. Moving to RAJ Organik, the participants visited one of the biggest worm farms in Malang. Mr Adam Maulida, the owner, explained how to build a worm farm and the motivation behind his business. He also talked about organic waste management and how worms can be used for fishing pools and as an ingredient in cosmetics. The afternoon session took place at SMPN 22, where teachers and students from the extracurricular worm-farming group demonstrated their activity. Teachers and farmers discussed the necessary conditions, facilities, equipment and skills for establishing and maintaining a worm farm, as well as how to integrate worm-farming into the school curriculum. The students learned about the anatomy, reproduction and life cycle of worms. They also learned that worm castings are a fantastic carbon store and how worms allow carbon to be sequestered into the soil. The workshop concluded with a presentation on how schools can develop their own worm-farming establishment action plan. Participants received mementos in the form of young markisa (passion fruit) vines, vermicompost and organic vegetables from SMPN 22. One of the aims of sharing the ‘Sustainability Classroom’ concept is to give other schools an understanding of relevant environmental issues and then arm students with simple daily activities that can make a big difference to their world. Keeping a worm farm teaches some of these basic skills, changing the way students dispose of organic waste.
Malang, 2015 – Eco-mapping, an experiential learning approach to environmental issues, is being implemented at nine high schools in Malang, East Java province. The action is the result of joint cooperation between GIZ PAKLIM WA3 and Malang City Education Office to provide environmental education and to raise the environmental awareness of local schools. Eco-mapping provides students with practical skills in dealing with environmental and climate change issues. It consists of five steps, conducted across five school visits over 9-12 months. The steps are Introduction, Environmental Audit, Action Plan Follow-up, Performance Check, and Internal Audit. The Introduction seminar was kicked off by Mrs Handayani of the Education Office, who emphasized the importance of eco-mapping in supporting the government’s Adiwiyata (Green Schools) program through student participation. Students from nine selected junior high schools (Sekolah Menengah Pertama, SMP) and senior high schools (Sekolah Menengah Atas, SMA/SMK) learned how to tackle environmental problems through out-of-school environment lessons, project work and team-teaching. The Environmental Audit was held over 12-25 May, equipping the school communities with skills to identify environmental problems and find solutions. This process involved 10 groups of students using tools from the Ecomapping© toolbox to investigate their surroundings. The audit generated a participative action plan, fostering a sense of responsibility toward protecting the environment and dealing with climate change. The young participants identified environmental issues based on the thematic areas of energy, waste, water, land, air pollution, and risk. A peer-to-peer workshop opened up opportunities for insight and collaboration through sharing and evaluating action plans among the schools. The Action Plan Follow-up on 18 September was in the form of a peer group discussion. It assessed how far each school had developed its action plan and which aspects required revision. Through this event, students learned the importance of measuring milestones and activities, and how to include them in their action plan. Teachers gained insight into integrating environmental action plans with school subjects, such as Indonesian, English, Art and Biology. The schools are expected to continue the eco-mapping approach until the whole cycle is completed, by which time they should have developed sustainable conservation plans. Ecomapping will then be further disseminated among other schools.