The Indonesian Government is making great strides towards its goals of reducing greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions by completing guidelines and setting-up mechanism for monitoring the implementation of climate mitigation action plans in the provinces.
Recognizing the importance of climate change mitigation and adaptation, Indonesia has taken an ambitious stand and has officially declared a national target to reduce GHG emissions by 26% by 2020 compared to a business-as-usual scenario, without international support -and up to 41% with international support. To that end, Indonesia has laid out strong major legal frameworks such as National Action Plan on GHG Emission Reduction (RAN-GRK) in 2011, Local Action Plan on GHG Emission Reduction (RAD-GRK) in 2012, and National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaption (RAN-API) in 2013. GIZ PAKLIM project supported the development of RAN-GRK as well as the establishment of the RAN-GRK Secretariat in the Planning Ministry (BAPPENAS). The establishment of these legal frameworks are necessary to identify and develop “nationally appropriate mitigation actions” (NAMAs), which is a key policy tool to reduce the emissions.
An important element of NAMA, namely measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) is essential in the implementation of NAMA. Indonesia has recognised that a robust MRV System is a pre-requisite for additional international support and successful realisation of climate mitigation measures. To that end, in 2013 the Indonesian government, with full support of PAKLIM project, has developed the guidelines for monitoring the implementation of climate mitigation action plans in the Provinces.
Following the completion of the guidelines, workshops on monitoring guidelines were conducted in all three regions (East, Central, West) of Indonesia, inviting all related provincial govenrment units as well as key ministries staff from five priority sectors: Ministry of Forestry, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Public Works, and Ministry of Environment. According to the guidlines, the provincial governments are compiling the first progress reports with the second reports to be conducted in January 2015. This reporting scheme builds, along with the GHG Inventory, a basis for the national MRV System for the Biennial Report to the UNFCCC. PAKLIM supports the Ministry of Environment in addressing the complex task of the MRV System’s institutional set-up.