Integrated Climate Change Strategy in Yogyakarta


Greenhouse Gas Profile and Integrated Climate Strategy

Yogyakarta City



Profil of Yogyakarta City

The City of Yogyakarta was established in 1755 by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I in the valley of three rivers namely Winongo, Code, and Gajahwong. It lies in the sothern of Mount Merapi on 112 m above sea level. 

Yogyakarta is among the famous tourism and education destina-tion in Indonesia. Its 20% of population in 2012 are students. 



Economic activities in Yogyakarta is mainly contributed from tertiary sectors. Trade, hotel, and restaurant; transportation and communication; finance and other services compose 75% of Gross Domestic Products. In 2012, the economy grew 5.76% per year with major contribution from tertiery sector.


GHG Emission Profile of Yogyakarta City 2012


Greenhouse gases emission of Yogyakarta city in 2012 reaches 666,361.87 tons CO2e composed of energy sector 614,556 tonnes CO2e; IPPU sector 928.15 tonnes CO2e; AFOLU sector 1.207,62 tons CO2e; and waste sector 49.670,1 tons of CO2e. Proportion of GHG emission source in 2012 is described below :

GHG Emission Trend

In aggregate, GHG emission between the years 2008 - 2009 increases 92.5%. It comes from increasing of energy consump-tion. Latter case then GHG emission is decrease in 2009-2010. During 2010-2012, the GHG growth rate between 2.7% - 6.3% per year. Trend of GHG emission from 2008 – 2012 is discribed below

Tabel 1. GHG composition of Yogyakarta City (2008-2012)


From the tabel above, CO2 is dominated the GHG composition gas followed by CH4 and N2O



Business as usual (BAU) of GHG emission in Yogyakarta city from 2007 to 2020 is discribed below 


Commitment of Yogyakarta City 

Yogyakarta City vision is "Yogyakarta city as well-qualified education, cultural-Based Tourism, and environmental friendly service center city"



To achieve the purpose of the government's commitment to  cope with climate change and its impacts, Yogyakarta has seven strategies, namely: 

  1. optimizing integrated efforts to handle disease Dengue vector as impact of climate change.
  2. Providing and utilizing information and facilitating communication between community and government as a disaster mitigation and extreme weather Prevention. 
  3. Increasing sustainable water resource management through controlling consumption, maintenance and water resource protection. 
  4. optimizing integrated effort to reduce impacts of rising air temperature. It is also strengthening community resilient to drought and hot temperate. 
  5. Increasing energy efficiency of goverment buildings and street light 
  6. Controling Motorcycle moda transportation used by city government and improving public transportation management
  7. Improving energy and material efficiency, industrial waste water management and industrial cluster


Implementation activities related to climate change adaptation and mitigation in Yogyakarta in 2010-2014, as follows:

  1. Waste bank to recycle and reuse waste before manage to disposal
  2. Smart Driving Training
  3. Car free day
  4. Intelligent Transport System (ITS) at coridor 1-4
  5. Adding BRT
  6. Meterization of Street Light and converted to LED 




Badan Lingkungan Hidup Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Komp. Diklat Jl. Setiabudi No. 201

Semarang - Jawa Tengah