City of Probolinggo – Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Strategies
PAKLIM is Indonesian-German Technical cooperation that provides technical assistance and supports the policy framework improvement in the field of environment and climate change. In cities, PAKLIM’s objective is to support the reduction of GHG emissions by developing strategies and tools for mitigation at local level. PAKLIM analysis indicates that there is a significant potential within Indonesia’s cities for reductions in GHG emissions – especially in respect with the transport sector, energy use and waste management practices.
City of Probolinggo is one of 11 PAKLIM pilot cities chosen to test and implement the integrated climate change actions. City of Probolinggo has established an Integrated Climate Change Strategies (ICCS) as a guideline to implement adaptation and mitigation measures. The city has set a goal of reducing its GHG emissions by 12%, compared to 2020 BAU levels. The establishment of ICCS is also part of local government support to the national commitment to reduce its GHG emissions by 26% by 2020. To ensure the implementation of the climate mitigation strategies, city government also monitors the progress regularly and conducts an annual inventory of GHG emissions.
GHG Emissions Profiles- City of Probolinggo
City of Probolinggo is located along coast and covering an area of 56,667 km2 with a population of 219,139 inhabitants in 2012. The city also acts as a transit hub connecting the cities on its eastern border (Banyuwangi, Jember, Bondowoso, Situbondo dan Lumajang) with its westerly neighbors (Pasuruan, Malang and Surabaya). These conditions influence the production of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and the city’s resilience in the face of climate change impacts.
City of Probolinggo produces GHG emissions from three main sectors, namely: energy, AFOLU (Agriculture, Forestry and Other land use) and waste sectors. The City’s GHG emissions are estimated to increase to 538.755 ton CO2e in 2020 in a Business as Usual (BAU) scenario. Over the 2010-2012 period, the level of emissions increased by 3% annually. In 2012, energy sector was responsible for 82% of the city’s GHG emissions followed by waste sector (11%) and AFOLU sector (7%).
In 2012, the largest emission source from energy sector was from energy consumption for transportation followed by energy use in industry and household. It was estimated that 49% of emission as a result of fossil fuels consumptions and 46% was produced from electricity consumption.
GHG Emissions from AFOLU sector comprises emissions from fermentation enteric and manure management of livestock, rice cultivation, manure applications and land use change. In 2012 more than half of emissions from AFOLU sector were produced from livestock followed by methane emission from rice cultivation (25.6%) and land use change (0.3%)
Waste sector is the second largest contributor of GHG emissions and produces most of methane emissions. Waste sector produced an estimated 40.820 ton CO2e or 11.3% of total emissions in 2012. Most of emission was contributed by domestic waste water treatment (66%) and the other 34% was produced from the landfill and composting.
GHG Emissions by Sector in 2012
GHG Inventory and BaU Scenario
GHG Mitigation Measures
Probolinggo’s Integrated Climate Change Strategies comprises 5 GHG mitigation strategies. Each strategy consists of mitigation action plans as follows:
- Establish an effective and efficient transportation system. The action plans for this strategy include establishing parking management, promoting smart/eco driving and car free day
- Control the use of energy in Government Building, Street lighting and water treatment. The action plans include replacing conventional lighting with more efficient alternatives, installing lamp sensor, and using renewable energy in the pumping system.
- Develop integrated waste management. The mitigation action plans include promoting the implementation of 3R, capturing landfill gas, composting of organic wastes, developing biogas technology from organic wastes and constructing central wastewater treatment plant
- Increase the community capacity and participation in energy saving program. This strategy will be implemented by establishing awards for green industry, promoting energy efficient appliance, and establishing green building competitions
- Promote the protection, restoration and wise-use of land and water. The action plans include constructing bio pores, increasing the green space, and forest rehabilitation.
In 2013 City of Probolinggo implemented some mitigation measures in 3 sectors
to reduce its emission levels
Cooperation with Other Donors
The implementation of Integrated Climate Change Strategies (ICCS) in City of Probolinggo is coordinated by Climate Change Working Group led by The Head of Environmental Agency. The implementation of mitigation action plans will require funding from various sources such as government, private sector, and community. To accelerate the implementation of mitigation measures, the city government also cooperates with national and international donors. In 2014, City of Probolinggo has attracted 3 other international donors to support the implementation of climate change strategies with the main activities as follows
For further information please contact:
The Secretariat of Climate Change Working Group
Kantor Badan Lingkungan Hidup (BLH)
Jl. Anggrek No.15, Probolinggo