Integrated Climate Change Strategy in Surakarta

Greenhouse Gases Profile and Climate Change Strategy Surakarta City

Surakarta City Profile

Surakarta is one of the big cities in central java that support other cities like Semarang and Yogyakarta. Surakarta is divided adminis-tratively into 5 sub district, namely Kecamatan Laweyan, Seren-gan, Pasar Kliwon, Jebres, and Banjarsari. Most or 65% of land use in the city of Sura-karta in the form of settlements, while the use of land for economic activities by 16.5% of the area of Surakarta.

The temperature in Surakarta range from 25,8oC to 28,3oC. The humidity in Surakarta recorded 66% to 88%. Most rainy day in January the number of rainy days as much as 25 days with rainfall of 783 mm. While the average rainfall on a rainy day is also the biggest fall in January is equal to 25.3 mm of rain per day.



Surakarta economic structure dominated by trade, service, and following by industries sector. The contribution of trade is up to 41%, while the industries sector is 33%


GHG emissions city profile 

Total GHG emissions of Surakarta City in 2012 reached 1.383.284 tons CO2e consisting of 1.156.342 tonnes of CO2 from procure-ment and energy use, 38 ton CO2e from process and industrial product, 3.229 ton CO2e from agriculture, forestry and landuse, and 223.674 tons CO2e from waste management sector. The proportion of GHG Surakarta City in the period 2008-2012 can be seen in Figure 


GHG emissions trend


In agregat, the amount of GHG emission in Surakarta City in 2012 is the largest emissions for several years. The increasing of GHG emissions ranged from 0,61-43,69%, with the highest increase occurred from 2010 to 2011, and the lowest is in the period 2011-2012.


Greenhouse Gases Composition of Surakarta City in 2008-2012

Based on the type of GHG emissions,
CO2 emissions still the largest contribution for GHG total of Surakarta City
and followed by CH4 and N2O. 


Commitment of Surakarta City

To achieve the goal Surakarta City Government’s commitment in the face of climate impact in the future, Surakarta city is commited to :

"Realizing the cultured city of Surakarta as environ-mentally friendly (eco-cultural city) by controlling the impact of climate change and resource management"




To achieve the goal and commitment to face climate change, Surakarta City has established the 7 Strategic Plan for Climate Change as shown above : 

  1. Control flooding, inundation and the subsequent impacts due to increased rainfall intensity
  2. Improve access to water supply for areas prone to drought
  3. Development of integrated waste management to sup-port the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and keep the environment clean and healthy
  4. Increase green space to create a good microclimate, absorb air pollution, improve water infiltration, and provide public space for community
  5. Prevention and control of the spread of disease, especially diseases of the vector insect and water associated with climate change
  6. Implementation of energy efficiency in government buildings, private, public and industrial and public facilities.
  7. Development of efficient public transport and affordable to all communities



As a form of implementation of the 7 Strategic Plan for Climate Change, Surakarta has conducted programs and activities related to adaptation and mitigation of climate change, namely


The other development and physical activities related to climate change adaptation and mitigation at Surakarta in 2010-2014, as follows:




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