Pasuruan city has an area of 36.58 km² and lies 4m above sea level. Pasuruan city is divided into 4 sub-districts. More than 50% of Pasuruan is area covered by buildings and around 30% of land is used for paddy fields. Pasuruan is a moderately sized city with a population of 186.262 inhabitants (in 2010) and an average population growth rate of 1.02% per year.
Pasuruan city has many small and medium enterprises in the metal and furniture industry. According to data from the Department of Trade and Industry Cooperative, the industrial branches most strongly represented in Pasuruan include Industrial Chemistry, Agricultural and Forest (IKAHH), followed by Industrial Metals, Machinery, Electronics and Miscellaneous (ILMEA).
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission profile
The level of GHG emissions in Pasuruan reached 216.194 t CO2e in 2010. The highest contributions of GHG emissions are produced in residential areas (73.253 t CO2e), the transport sector (57.875 t CO2e) and the waste sector (41.773 t CO2e). Under a Business as Usual (BAU) scenario, emissions are estimated to increase to up to 351.404 t CO2e by 2020 and 419.009 t CO2e by 2025.
Potential GHG mitigation measures
Pasuruan city has formulated an action plan to reduce GHG emissions, outlining mitigation actions such as replacing street lights with energy-efficient light bulbs and promoting energy-efficient lighting in residential settlements. In the transport sector the action plan proposes equipping public transport vehicles with compressed natural gas (CNG) combustion engines and building bicycle lanes. In the waste sector is utilization of emission gas for cooking.
Risk profile / possible adaptation measures
Adaptation measures in Pasuruan city focus on reducing the risk of flooding and preventing decreases in rice production and declining returns from fishing, as well as combating the spread of Dengue Hemorraghic Fever (DHF). Action plans include the enhancement of external and internal flood control, capacity building in agriculture, restoration of mangrove forests in the coastal community, and community awareness-raising on mosquito nest eradication.