Integrated Climate Change Strategy in Mojokerto

The city of Mojokerto spans across an area of 16,48 km2 at an average of 22 m above sea level. Mojokerto has two sub districts, namely Prajurit Kulon and Magersari, and is the third most populous city in East Java after Surabaya and Malang. Over a relatively small area, Mojokerto’s population reached 120.064 inhabitants in 2010. The average population growth over the last ten years was 0.96%. Mojokerto city’s economy is strongly influenced by economic activities in Surabaya. The city’s gross domestic product (GDP) has gradually increased over the years to reach roughly 2,798 trillion Rupiahs. The trading, hotel and restaurant sub-sectors and the processing industry are the locomotive of economic growth in Mojokerto, which reached 6.09% in 2010.

Mojokerto’s government launched its cooperation with GIZ PAKLIM at the end of 2010 to develop an Integrated City Climate Strategy (ICCS). GHG emissions from the government sectors (energy use in buildings, vehicle fleets, street lighting, and pump water/waste) reached 6,205 t CO2e in 2010 and emissions are expected to increase to 14,723 t CO2e by 2020 and 18,982 t CO2e in 2025 respectively. Within the community sectors, GHG emissions amount to 125,817 t CO2e. The largest contributors of emissions are the transport, residential, industry, and waste sectors. The amount of GHG emissions is expected to increase to 183,108 t CO2e by 2020 and to 227,067 t CO2e in 2025. The majority of emissions are produced by settlement activities, followed by the transport and commercial sectors.

Mojokerto’s ICCS formulates several climate strategies aimed at mitigation and adaptation targeted at reducing the risks of floods, diarrhoea, and acute respiratory infections (ARI). In total, Mojokerto city aims to mitigate the risks of climate change impacts and reduce GHG emissions by 7% by 2020.